Jupiter Dreaming-November-Topaz

Topaz is a silicate mineral; iron and chrome give this gemstone its colours, ranging through yellow, red- brown, light blue, pink-red, red-violet and light green.

In the 18th century the Schneckenstian topaz mine in Saxony was the most famous source of the gemstone, but Brazil is now a major supplier, including the rare and highly sought-after  Imperial topaz. Light blue topaz is even found in the British Isles.

The name probably derives from the Old French topace and Latin topazus. Some sources suggest that ‘Topaz Island’ was the Isle of Serpents in the Red Sea, also known as Topazos, but as the gemstone has never been found there it is probably an etymological confusion.

The Romans associated topaz with Jupiter, god of the Sun, as did the Ancient Egyptians with their own Sun god Ra. It has been used as an amulet stone that protects and wards off melancholy, insomnia and warns of poison. Topaz was believed to cure eye problems and prevent bad dreams.

Below: Diego Percossi Papi blue topaz and gold vermeil Sun and Moon earrings  from a selection at Talisman Gallery Harvey Nichols